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Enter the underground

Vancouver artists opt for independence

At some point in the 1970s, inclusive academics came up with the term “independent scholar.” It’s used to describe non-credentialed researchers working outside of the formal educational establishment whose contributions are nonetheless worth recognizing. Vancouver-based Robin Bougie is Reeling Back’s favourite example of the breed, an impressive obsessive who has devoted his time and considerable talent to chronicling movies made on the margins. Born on this day (July 28) in 1973, Bougie wrote, edited, illustrated and published Cinema Sewer, a film journal in the style of an underground comic that enthusiastically championed exploitation, cult and adult features. It ran for for 34 issues from 1997 to 2021, a fiercely independent publication the entire time. Before last year was out, we learned that Bougie’s apparent retirement was a mere pivot, a turn down “a road even less travelled: on the disrespected, under-appreciated, and misunderstood history of indy comix.” Gutter Hunter, billed as “The Adult’s Only Guide to History’s Wildest Independent Comics!,” made its debut in November 2021. When a second issue was released in May, it was clear that Bougie was serious about his new creative enterprise. Perhaps the best way to welcome its arrival is with my 1971 interview with Mal Hoskin and Dave Roberts, creators of Vancouver’s first underground comic book, Flash Theatre Presents.


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Piecing it back together

Sentimental journey with a hard edge

Though he made his reputation in Hollywood as a solid supporting actor, Saul Rubinek is capable of taking centre stage. Born on this day (July 2) in 1948, he demonstrated his star power in Canadian writer-director Mort Ransen’s 1990 mid-life crisis comedy Falling Over Backwards.

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Out of the woods

Astonished by a perfect sphere’s arrival

Just because some “Cute Calendar” website tells us that today (July 14) is Pandemonium Day, a “celebration of chaos and disorder,” doesn’t make it so. Instead, we can make it a moment of evolutionary inevitability, which may have been the point of director James Ivory’s 1972 satire Savages.


Breaking new ground

Ottawa complicit in Hollywood’s fraud

According to Pierre Berton, U.S. moviemakers were out to brainwash their northern neighbours. Born on this day (July 12) in 1920, he exposed their con game in his 1975 social history, Hollywood's Canada: The Americanization of Our National Image.


Comics, a cool medium

My Blog; Your Guide to What's New

Created by Cleveland teenagers Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster, Superman made his debut in Action Comics #1, officially published on this day (June 1) in 1938. His arrival is recognized as the moment when comic books began their long, slow conquest of American popular culture.



A DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES is the Internet address of Michael Walsh, a Canadian living in Vancouver, British Columbia.

I spent my working life as a newspaperman. While others covered the waterfront, I specialized in movies. As a film critic, I published my views in newspapers and magazines, on radio and television, at conferences, conventions and in the occasional courtroom. It was my good fortune to cover 30 of the most exciting, innovative years in screen history (1965-1995).
Retired, but not inactive, I've launched Reeling Back in in order to recall and, perhaps, make sense of it all. Eventually, it will grow into an archive of the nearly 6,000 films I've reviewed to date. Because everything old is news again, each posting will include a note connecting these particular movie memories to the here and now.

And, yes, I intend Reeling Back to offer new material, including web-log commentary, reviews of current pop culture and additions to my own "works in progress" — four book-length projects still in the notebook phase.

From Will Shakespeare to Marshall McLuhan to Joss Whedon, the great thinkers have all reminded us that we live in a world of wonders. In this small corner of cyberspace, I'd like to share some of the wonders that I have seen.